The psychosocial influence to habit using make-up of women aged 40 to 59 years menopausal Japanese womenby N. Oi, K. Ohi

International Journal of Cosmetic Science

Similar

Results of UAE in women under 40 years of age

Authors:
Bruce McLucas, William D Voorhees
2014

Recent changes in endometrial cancer trends among menopausal-age US women

Authors:
Paige Wartko, Mark E. Sherman, Hannah P. Yang, Ashley S. Felix, Louise A. Brinton, Britton Trabert
2013

Cytomegalovirus Retinitis

Authors:
King To
1989

Younger age of menopause in women with cerebral aneurysms

Authors:
C. Ding, V. Toll, B. Ouyang, M. Chen
2012

Text

The psychosocial influence to habit using make-up of women aged 40 to 59 years menopausal Japanese women

N. Oi*,† and K. Ohi‡,§ *Department of gender-specific medicine, Tokyo Women’s Medical University East Medical center, †Institute of Women’s Health, Tokyo Women’s

Medical University and ‡Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The Open University of Japan, Tokyo, Japan

Received 31 March 2012, Accepted 03 September 2012

Keywords: Japanese women, make up, menopause symptoms, Menopause-Specific QOL, Psychology

Synopsis

We conducted a survey to elucidate the psychosocial influence of menopausal symptoms on the habit of using make-up. This study included 420 Japanese women (age, 40–59 years) who were examined for the first time in a specialized women’s outpatient clinic of our institution from June 2010 to September 2011. Using the Menopause-Specific Quality of Life questionnaire (MENQOL), we analysed the scores in relation to menopausal symptoms and whether and how frequently the subject used make-up (including foundation, lip rouge and eyebrow brushing). JMP version 9.0 software was used to statistically analyse the data. Significant results were observed for psychosocial symptoms (P = 0.0002) but not for vasomotor symptoms. Psychosocial symptoms tended to be more severe in women with climacteric <5 years previously. Furthermore, the frequency of make-up use was positively correlated with menopausal symptoms (P = 0.0251). There were strong relationships between psychological symptoms and make-up use in menopausal women. Psychological condition and the frequency of make-up use were inversely correlated, especially in women with climacteric <5 years previously.

Re´sume´

Nous avons mene´ une enqueˆte afin d’e´lucider l’influence psychosociale des symptoˆmes de la me´nopause sur l’habitude d’utiliser le maquillage. Cette e´tude a inclus 420 femmes japonaises (aˆge, 40–59 ans) qui ont e´te´ examine´s pour la premie`re fois dans un service de consultations externes spe´cialise´s pour les femmes de notre institution a` partir de Juin 2010 jusqu’a` Septembre 2011. Utilisant le questionnaire spe´cifique de la Qualite´ de Vie a` la Me´nopause (MENQOL), nous avons analyse´ les scores par rapport aux symptoˆmes de la me´nopause, et par rapport a` l’usage et la fre´quence de maquillage des sujets (y compris les fondations, rouge a` le`vres, les sourcils et brossage). La version 9.0 du logiciel JMP a e´te´ utilise´e pour analyser statistiquement les donne´es. Des re´sultats significatifs ont e´te´ observe´s pour les symptoˆmes psychosociaux (P = 0.0002) mais pas pour les symptoˆmes vasomoteurs. Les symptoˆmes psychosociaux ont tendance a` eˆtre plus graves chez les femmes 5 ans ou moins apre`s le de´but de la me´nopause. En outre, la fre´quence de l’utilisation de maquillage e´tait positivement corre´le´e avec les symptoˆmes me´nopausiques (P = 0.0251). Il y avait de solides relations entre les symptoˆmes psychologiques et l’utilisation du maquillage chez les femmes me´nopause´es. L’e´tat psychologique et la fre´quence de l’utilisation de maquillage e´taient inversement corre´le´s, en particulier chez les femmes 5 ans ou moins apre`s le de´but de la me´nopause.

Introduction

We have previously examined the effect of psychosocial factors on the habit and frequency of make-up use in women (including the use of foundation, lip rouge and eyebrow brush) [1]. This study included middle-aged women (age, 35–59 years) with menopauselike symptoms. Subsequently, we focused on the quality of life (QOL) of menopausal women [2–4]. Decline in ovarian function is thought to begin at 35 years of age [5–7]. Therefore, it may be possible to more precisely determine the effect of menopausal symptoms during all seasons using the Menopause-Specific QOL (MENQOL) [4] scale to evaluate the QOL, including psychological factors, of Japanese menopausal women aged 40–59 years. Moreover, because associations between menstrual status and menopausal symptoms are evident, it is important to evaluate menopausal symptoms according to menstrual status, as defined by the International Menopause Society [8]. Furthermore, there are no reports describing associations between the frequency of make-up use and menopausal symptoms.

Therefore, this study evaluated menopausal symptoms using the

MENQOL to determine the relationships between menstrual status, menopausal symptoms (particularly psychological factors) and the frequency make-up use in menopausal women.

Material and methods

Subjects

No background about the type of make-up or the area at which make-up was applied because of privacy concerns. The study included 420 Japanese women (age, 40–59 years) who were examined for the first time in specialized women’s outpatient clinic of our institution between June 2010 and September 2011—a period spanning all seasons in Japan. The women consented to fill out questionnaires at the time of their initial examination.

Correspondence: Noriko Oi, Department of gender-specific medicine,

Tokyo Women’s Medical University East Medical Center, 2-20-1-4F,

Nishinippori Arakawa-ku, Tokyo 116-0013, Japan. Tel.:-+81-(0)-33805-7771; fax: +81-(0)-3-3805-7775; e-mail: noriko_oi@hotmail.co.jp §Present address: Department of Neuropsychiatry, Toho University

School of Medicine, 6-11-1, Omori-nishi, Ota-ku, Tokyo, 143-8541,

Japan  2012 Society of Cosmetic Scientists and the Socie´te´ Franc¸aise de Cosme´tologie64

International Journal of Cosmetic Science, 2013, 35, 64–68 doi: 10.1111/ics.12005

Questionnaire

A questionnaire in which the MENQOL had been appropriately translated into Japanese and a questionnaire regarding the frequency of make-up use were given to patients at the time of their first examination after the approval of the University Ethics Committee. The results of the subjects’ questionnaires were checked during the examination and used during their clinical care. At the end of the examination, the answered questionnaires were collected by the physician in charge. Patients were allowed 5 min to complete the questionnaire and were asked to restrict their answers to a 1-year period that included all the seasons in the country.